What Are Lightning Arresters?

Lightning arresters, also known as surge arresters or surge protectors, are devices designed to protect electrical systems and equipment from damage caused by lightning strikes or electrical surges. They are an essential component of any surge protection system, safeguarding against the potentially devastating effects of electrical surges.

How Do Lightning Arresters Work?

Lightning arresters work by providing a low-resistance path for electrical surges to follow, redirecting the excessive current away from sensitive equipment. They consist of a metal oxide varistor (MOV) or spark gap, which is capable of conducting high amounts of current when a surge occurs.

When a lightning strike or surge of electricity enters the system, the lightning arrester rapidly detects the increase in voltage and diverts the excess current through the MOV or spark gap. By doing so, it effectively limits the voltage levels and prevents the surge from reaching and damaging the connected electrical devices.

Common Types Of Lightning Arresters

There are various types of lightning arresters available, each designed to suit different applications and voltage levels. The most commonly used types include:

  • 1. Station or distribution class lightning arresters
  • 2. Intermediate class lightning arresters
  • 3. Secondary class lightning arresters
  • 4. Station class surge arresters

Station or distribution class lightning arresters are typically used in high-voltage applications such as power substations, while intermediate and secondary class lightning arresters are used for medium and low-voltage protection respectively.

Station class surge arresters, on the other hand, are specially designed for high-performance surge protection, often used in sensitive equipment like electronic devices and data centers.